Electric Scooters, E-Bikes & the Law

Electric Scooters, E-Bikes & the Law

An increasingly popular mode of transportation in Ontario is traveling via electric scooters and electric bicycles. Beware: this increased use does not present without risks.

To operate a power-assisted bicycle, or e-bike, in Ontario, the e-bike must have a handlebar, working pedals, 2-3 wheels, an electric motor, a braking system, a maximum assisted speed of 32 km per hour, and must not weigh more than 120 kg. An operator must be at least 16 years old. All riders must wear an approved helmet.

E-bikes are neither bicycles nor motor vehicles. According to the Ontario Highway Traffic Act, e-bikes are separate and have their own laws.

Certain municipal roads, sidewalks, paths, and trials restrict access to e-bikes. You should be familiar with the roadways near you and the access provisions.

In Toronto, the City has set out regulations to make e-biking safer for the riders, other drivers, and nearby pedestrians. Toronto uses bike lanes, and e-bikes can be used on all cycling infrastructure which includes cycle tracks, multi-use trails, and bike lanes.

E-bikes and scooters are not permitted on major highways, cycle tracks, or multi-use trails. Riding through recreational parks is prohibited and subject to a fine.

E-bikers must obey the same road rules as other cyclists. To increase your safety while riding, e-bikers should obey all signage, signal all turns, and install lights on their bike.

Proper maintenance of your electronic ride will assist in your safe usage. Be mindful of potential mechanical problems and hazards.

Electric bike and scooter use do not require a license, a license plate, nor insurance. However, it is vital to know that if your driver’s license has been suspended due to a driving prohibition, you are NOT permitted to operate e-vehicles.

In the context of personal injury, riders are not entitled to accident benefits through their automobile insurer. Those injured in an e-bike accident only have access to accident benefits through an insured automobile that is at fault for the accident. If you have concerns about being insured, while automotive insurance is not available for e-bikes, many home insurance companies offer coverage.

If you or a loved one have been injured in a slip and fall, e-bike/scooter, bicycle, or motor vehicle collision, contact us at JEWELL RADIMISIS JORGE LL.P and a member of our team will be happy to assist you.
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